The problem with "emunah\אמונה" (faith, confidence) is that we cannot easily get convinced that light and trust enlighten darkness. This requires "trust": we often were deceived, then Understanding: who understands us and are we in-depth committed to understand someone, others, close or foreign, ourselves? Creeds and beliefs would often turn to repeat stiff-necked or obstinate secure dogmas. Job's peacefully stated after his horrible test: "Indeed, I spoke without understanding of things beyond me, which I did not know. Hear now and I will speak; I will ask and You will inform me. I had heard you with my ears, but I see You with my eyes..." (Job 42:3-4).
This year, Tuesday 6th of January, 2009, corresponds to the 10th of Tevet 5769\י' דטבת תשב"ט. It is the day when "in the ninth year of his reign, on the tenth day of the tenth month, Nebuchadnezzar moved against Jerusalem with his whole army. He besieged it, and they built towers against it all round" (II King. 25:1). Prophet Ezekiel carefully recorded the "exact day - et-etzem hayom hazeh\את עצם היום הזה (Ezekiel 24:2) which marks the beginning of the Churban/destruction of the First Temple. Asarah beTevet\עשרה בטבת (Tevet 10th) is thus a fast day. The Chief Rabbinate of Israel has also decided that it is the Yom HaKaddish HaKlali\קדיש הכללי - General Kaddish memorial day for all those who perished on unknown dates during the Shoah-Churban/Chirb'n\שואה
The Kaddish is one of the most ancient prayers said by the Jews. It tracks back to the exile in Babylon. This Aramaic word means "holy" and the whole text is in this language, except the famous "osseh shalom bimromav\עושה שלום במרומיו - He Who makes peace in the High, may also make peace upon us and upon All Israel and say Amen" (with variants), which is in Hebrew and sung upon landing in Israel or other conventions. The point is that there are five different texts of the Kaddish to be said on various occasions. The Prayer is in Aramaic, the then colloquial tongue and understood by everybody, both Jews and non-Jews, which was important for the proclamation of God's Reign that embraces every creature. Although the "Kaddish yatom\קדיש יתום - orphan's (mourner's) Kaddish" is the most famous text, none of the Kaddish variations focus on death. They exclusively refer to life, God as life-Giver, His Name, Kingdom, Reign over the creation. Many Jews who lived in remote places have often kept with much respect the transliteration in Russian, Latin, Arabic, Greek, Chinese script of the text that they would recite without understanding the meaning of the words. They would even be very surprised to discover it is an utmost strength-empowering prayer for more blessings. In Yiddish, Kaddishele\קדישעלע is the one who is chosen to say the prayer for some people without descent.
True, nobody confessing the God of the Living is alone or left without "blessed memory - zichrono/a livrachah\זכרונו-ה לברכה" ("vechnaia pamiat'\вечная память - eternal memory" in the Byzantine Churches, with lists of names read at some Services). It is evident that, at the Yad VaShem Memorial Center, the constant recall of the 1.500.000 children whose names are pronounced in Hebrew, Yiddish and English insists on humans killed in their early age.
To begin with, the prayer was uttered after learning a portion of the Torah or the Talmud or a sermon delivered by rabbis. Rabbinical Kaddish\קדיש דרבנן (deRabbanan) continues to be a major blessing after learning. The rabbis teach God's Scriptures to disciples who embody the community. Upon Israel and her rabbis and their disciples (students), and upon all those busy in the Torah, here and in every other site, that they and you have peace, grace and kindness, mercy and long life, and abundant nourishment, salvation from their Father (Avuhon\אבוהון דבשמיא) Who is in heaven and say: Amen.
Faith proceeds from a community that accepts to be taught and thus turns to God and His teachers from generation to generation. This is fundamentally a dynamic action.
The Orphan's (or mourners') Kaddish Yatom\קדיש יתום was seemingly adopted rather lately 13th c.). It shows how it firmly imprints us with life and does not refer at all to death. It is recited everyday during the thirty days of mourning, and the yohrzeit\יארצייט - anniversary of death. It must be pronounced slowly and with much respect. Burial Kaddish\קדיש דאתחדתא (de'itchadata) focuses on the world-to-come, the rebuild of Jerusalem and the Temple, opening an era of ulma'qar pulchana nuchra\ולמעקר פולחנא נוכרא - the erasure of foreign (pagan) worship from the earth and the renewal of the Service to the Holy One.
The very kernel of the Kaddish always starts with the wonderful words based on Prophet Ezekiel 38:23: "Itgaddal veyitqaddash\יתגדל ויתקדש... Exalted and sanctified be the Great Name (of God) in the world that He created according to His Will and may His Kingdom reign (be established), may His salvation blossom and His anointed come near (not Ashkenazi text), in your lifetime and in the days of All the House of Israel, speedily and soon and say: Amen."
Full Kaddish\קדיש שלם (Shalem) inserts: "Titqabel na tzlot'hon\תתקבל נא צלותהון... May the supplications and prayers of All Israel be received by her Father Who art in heaven (Avuhun divshamaya, also in Aramaic)". This lines word for word with Jesus' prayer as he taught his disciples how to call upon the heavenly Father: "Our Father Who art in heaven (Avun divshmaya) - hallowed be Your Name (yitqadash Shmekha) -may Your Kingdom come - Your Will be done (khirute\כרעותא)" (cf. Matthew 6:9-14).
As the civilian calendar shifts, it is maybe good that it corresponds to the General Kaddish memorial day and the fast of Tevet 10th. We are imperiled with terrible and lasting wars, immoral breaches, cultural and spiritual downfalls. The world is submitted to violence, misery.
Unexpectedly, the Kaddish comprehends those who, as so many of our citizens, were Jews for a very small part of their identity and though sentenced to death, a lot of Christians, Gypsies, people entrapped by error or miserable informers, gays and lesbians, Slavs and communists, disabled and mentally sick. Kaddish does not look back into the past... On the contrary, it envisions how the living may produce life and enjoy it without harming it.
Indeed the Kaddish includes the words that let us climb up from earthly humans to their heaven Father and backwards as a ladder or even an escalator... in our days, speedily and soon.
The Qaddish is very-very ancient and tracks back to the first memorized prayers uttered in history. It was also pronounced in Sumer, i.e. present-day Iraq where daily massacres are perpetrated against all human beings. There was the cradle of monotheism.
When we pray in Israel and Palestine, we ought not forget the murders that daily affect our human brothers and sisters in Iraq.
And we never forget that the Lord is magnified and hallowed and exalted in the world that HE has created ACCORDING TO HIS WILL.
av aleksandr [Winogradsky Frenkel]
January 5, 2009 - December 23, 2008 - 9 deTevet 5769 - ט,דטבת תשס"ט